The flower’s nectar is converted by bees into honey. Honey has some specific characteristics you can look out for, to be sure to get the high quality honey.
Honey contains two sugars: fructose and glucose. That makes it somewhat sweeter than regular sugar.
Water content is another important property of honey: it has less than 20% of water, that is why microorganisms cannot grow in honey. This gives it a long shelf life. When it comes to water content it is one of the main characteristics that signifies the quality of honey. Premium quality honeys have water content of 18% or less. Some purists even say that everything above 14% should not be considered premium quality. If you want to compare water content in two different jars of honey (both containers should be at the same temperature) you should turn them upside down. The one where bubbles rise to the top faster has greater water content.
Best quality honey contains pollen, which is why it does not look clear when you look at the jar. The filtration process leaves pollen inside while removing debris like bee parts, wax, and similar objects. When looking at a jar, the clearer the honey is the more processed it is. For the best quality look for the least processed ones, i.e. those that do not look clear.