Source of bee pollen
Pollen is the male cell of plants and is their “sperm”.Bees collect pollen back to their nests, called bee pollen.Bee pollen contains a small amount of nectar and secretions added by bees during collection, in addition to ordinary pollen, so bee pollen is slightly different from ordinary pollen in composition.The outer shape of the pollen is different from that of the pollen grains, but rather the pollen grains processed by bees.Pollen grains are mostly between 10 and 50 microns in diameter, and there are various irregular furrows on the surface of pollen grains and obvious germination pores.
Pollen varies in color from plant to plant.Fresh pollen has a special spicy flavor, slightly sweet taste, a few bitter.
Pollen is so complex that modern instruments can detect hundreds of species.But there are mainly protein, sugar, fat, vitamin, trace element and biological active material six categories.The total nutrients contained in pollen are: 40% ~50% sugar, 20% ~ 25% protein, 5% ~10% fat, 10% ~ 15% lignin and 10% ~ 15% unknown substance.It contains 19 ~ 22 kinds of amino acids, 27 kinds of major and trace elements and 11 kinds of vitamins.
Pollen is extremely rich in nutrients, containing high quality protein equivalent to eggs, beef more than 5 times.In addition, pollen also contains a variety of enzymes, hormones, flavonoids and other biological active substances, this kind of substances have an important role in regulating human life activities.Bee pollen contains more than 100 enzymes, the lack of any enzyme will affect the body’s physiological activities and functions.
Bee pollen is known as a safe source of nutrients because it is rich in nutrients, and is praised as “concentrated nutrient bank”, “concentrated miniature natural medicine”, and “completely nutritious food”.Professor Ye Juquan, a famous Chinese medicine expert in China, said: “Pollen research is a life science, which is the genetic engineering of plants and the source of life for reproduction.The exploration of pollen’s nutrition and anti-aging active substances will reveal the secrets of nature.
Physicochemical properties of bee pollen
Pollen of different plants is slightly different in color, such as rape pollen is yellow, corn pollen is light yellow, sunflower pollen is orange-red, buckwheat pollen is dark brown and so on.Fresh pollen usually has a special spicy smell, which varies from plant to plant. Some are sweet, some are astringent.The outer wall of pollen grains is very hard and resistant to acid and alkali and microbial decomposition, but the germination pores and germination trenches are very fragile and easy to break under acid and alkali and mechanical treatment.
The therapeutic and health care function of bee pollen
Bee pollen is a nutrient-rich substance found in nature.In the past 20 years, many nutritionists at home and abroad have conducted a great deal of research on the beneficial components, pharmacological effects and functions of pollen, proving that pollen has good therapeutic and health care effects on many organs of the human body.
(1).Brain health, physical strength and anti-fatigue: bee pollen has obvious functions in improving mental state and brain health.Bee pollen can provide rich nutrients for the development and physiological activities of brain cells, promote the development of brain cells, enhance the function and balance of central nervous system, and keep the brain active.
(2).Bee pollen has the function of regulating nervous system, so it has a good effect on the treatment of common neurological diseases and psychosis caused by the imbalance of nervous system.The vitamins and amino acids contained in pollen can coordinate the nerves of people with neurasthenia and neurodepression, making them take an interest in life again.Edible pollen, can enhance physical strength and endurance, quickly eliminate fatigue.Olympic gold medalist, Dutch runner Lasseveren, took pollen to improve his performance, winning the 5,000m and 10,000m races at the 20th Olympics in 1972 and the gold MEDALS in both events at the 21st Olympics.From June to August 1983, Zhejiang Provincial Sports Committee and Hangzhou Baoling Co., LTD. (formerly a dairy company beekeeping farm) gave pollen to 155 athletes, 20 grams per day (30 grams for those weighing more than 80 kg), in the morning and in the afternoon.After a month of continuous use, the athletes’ insomnia, appetite loss, weight loss and hemochrome decrease due to the influence of training and high temperature were greatly improved. Most of the athletes felt good about themselves and fatigue was eliminated quickly after exercise.After examination, its hemochrome, vital capacity, back strength, grip strength, endurance have increased, sports performance has also greatly improved.2. Treatment of chronic prostatitis, prostatic hypertrophy: chronic prostatitis is one of the most common patients in middle-aged and elderly men, the main symptoms of the patient is poor urination, drenching chun and lower abdominal pain.According to the medical journal, 100 cases of the disease were treated with pollen, with a cure rate of 80 percent.Prostatic hyperplasia is also a chronic disease peculiar to the elderly, with an incidence of more than 75%.After patients eat pollen, glandular hyperplasia is inhibited, gland volume is reduced, and endocrine regulation function is improved.
(3).Improve the immune function and anti-tumor: pollen consumption can improve the number and function of T lymphocytes and giant salivary cells in the body, thus improving the immune capacity of the body and preventing various diseases and chronic diseases, especially the occurrence of tumors.Additional, the LgG in haematocyte immune globulin is an important kind of antibody, can promote giant cell to have phagocytosis action, resist the encroach of bacterium, virus, still have the function of neutralization toxin.Pollen can improve the human serum immunoglobulin LgG level, which is also to improve the body’s non-specific disease function of another important aspect.
Pollen has the effect of inhibiting tumor, and many experts have proved that pollen has the effect of inhibiting tumor significantly.The number and activity of T lymphocytes and macrophages in mice inoculated with tumor cells did not decrease, but also increased, indicating that the inhibitory effect of pollen on tumor cells was realized by increasing the number and function of T lymphocytes and macrophages in the immune system.
(4).Anti-aging: Pollen can increase thymus, enhance T lymphocytes and macrophages, enhance the immune function of the body, and thus delay the aging process of the body.Some trace elements contained in pollen are also anti-aging components, such as selenium, which can reduce the formation of lipid peroxidation in the body.According to research, selenium can improve the activity of glutamate oxidase in blood and tissues, catalyze the decomposition of lipid peroxidation, reduce the formation and accumulation of lipid peroxidation, and thus play a role in delaying aging.
(5).Therapeutic effect on liver disease: Pollen has a good protective effect on liver cells and has a very good therapeutic effect on chronic hepatitis.Experts have done such a test: give 110 cases of hepatitis patients take pollen, 30 grams a day, for 1 ~ 3 months.Results The symptoms of the patients were significantly improved, the indexes of liver function were significantly improved, and the albumin/globulin (A/G) ratio in blood was increased from 0.85 to 1.26.
The liver protection function of pollen is closely related to the vitamin, amino acid, nucleic acid and various trace elements contained in pollen, and also to the improvement of immune function of the body.
(6).Effects on cardiovascular system and digestive system: pollen is rich in vitamin P and some other flavonoids, which have good effects on enhancing capillary strength, preventing capillary permeability disorder, cerebral hemorrhage, retinal hemorrhage, hypertension and varicose veins.Some doctors gave pollen to 60 patients with hyperlipidemia and 40 patients with cerebral atherosclerosis, 3 times a day, 15 grams each time. After 1 month of continuous administration, the serum of the patients decreased, headache, angina, memory loss and other atherosclerosis symptoms generally improved.
Pollen has obvious therapeutic effect on emaciated patients with poor digestion and absorption function.Some patients with inappetence, abdominal distension and emaciation will lose their symptoms, improve their spirits and gain weight after taking pollen.Habitual constipation patients, generally take pollen for 1 month, stool to normal.
(7).For beauty;Natural bee nectar is rich in nutrients, which can be added to various cosmetics, absorbed directly by skin cells or taken orally.Pollen can improve skin nutrition, promote skin cell metabolism and delay skin aging.It can prevent dry skin from desquamation, increase elasticity of aging skin and eliminate wrinkles.Japanese beauty experts call it “bee pollen is better than a hundred times on the dresser”.Pollen is good for acne, chloasma, age spots, hair, etc.Can be called “all-around beautician”.
Natural pollen has comprehensive nutrition and can overcome various physiological disorders in human metabolism, thus enhancing immunity. This is the secret that bee pollen can treat a variety of diseases.At present on the market “front kang piece”, “beautiful beautiful beauty king” and other food, drugs, cosmetics are bee pollen as raw material.
Bee pollen administration
If bee pollen is used for health care, take 3 to 5 grams per day.If the treatment of some diseases, can take 15 ~ 20 grams.The method of taking can be rooted in their own physical conditions.Generally early and late fasting absorption effect is better;Stomach unwell person, it is advisable to take 1 hour after meal.For long-term users, stop taking for 7 days after 30 consecutive days and then continue.
Utilization and absorption of bee pollen
Pollen grains have a hard outer shell called the pollen wall.According to the data, although the shell of pollen grains in the excrement of bees after eating pollen is complete, the material in the shell has been absorbed by bees, leaving only an empty shell.According to research again, in the excrement that the person eats pollen excretion on an empty stomach, the material in pollen 70% ~ 90% has been absorbed by the human body.This means that bee pollen can be absorbed by the human body without breaking its shell, although the absorption rate can be increased by breaking the shell.Whether bee pollen shell needs to be broken can be determined according to the application situation. General consumers can take it orally directly, while some high-grade cosmetics and oral liquids can break its shell when pollen is used as an additive for better use.In the dry state, pollen wall has a special protective effect on pollen nutrients.After breaking the shell of pollen, its active component exposure to air and light increased, and easy to absorb moisture, such as improper storage, more susceptible to bacteria, deterioration.
Pollen contains allergenic components (allergens), which can produce allergic reactions to very few people with special constitutions.In the process of taking pollen, candidates with special allergies should take a small amount of pollen first, and then take more if there is no abnormal condition.If there is fever, asthma, urticaria and other phenomena, should stop taking immediately.
Whether children can take pollen.Pollen is plant “sperm cells”, which gather a lot of life elements, are rich in nutrients, but because of the pollen contains a certain amount of hormone, so a lot of people did not dare to let children taking pollen, worry about pollen can make the sexual precocious children, actually this kind of worry is redundant, too much added hormones can really make the sexual precocious,But it’s not that any food containing hormones is too scary for kids to eat.We usually eat a lot of food contain hormones, such as rice, wheat contain hormones, milk, milk, eggs contain sex hormones, these hormone containing food did not make children what abnormal reaction.Pollen contains the same amount of sex hormones as those found in the food above and is therefore perfectly safe for children.Researchers at the Pollen Application Institute of Hangzhou in Zhejiang province and the Department of Biology at Hangzhou University conducted a biological experiment on this issue.The other group was fed twice the normal dose, and neither of the two doses caused premature puberty in the young rats.
What special effects does pollen have?
Pollen, the essence of plants, has been known and used by our ancestors for more than 2,000 years.Qu Yuan in the “Li SAO” in the chant “drink magnolia falling dew, evening meal autumn chrysanthemum falling” famous poem.China’s earliest medicinal monograph shennong Bencao Jing has records of pine pollen and ctypha pollen, saying that these two kinds of pollen smell sweet, non-toxic, can treat heart and abdominal bloating heat evil, urine, blood stasis, long take light, qi, prolong life.Empress Dowager Cixi of the Qing Dynasty bathed and enjoyed pollen mixed with yellow rice wine.The Greek philosophers thought pollen was the key to staying young. Early Olympic athletes used pollen to boost their energy. The word pollen means “energetic” and “strong”.
Pollenologists, nutritionists and medical scientists have deeply studied the health care, pharmacological and efficacy of pollens on human beings.The results showed that pollen could prevent and cure cardiovascular diseases, reduce blood lipid, regulate nervous system, promote sleep, regulate gastrointestinal system function, promote digestion, and treat habitual constipation.It has certain effects in regulating endocrine, improving immune function, anti-aging, improving sexual function and treating male sterility.Especially the treatment of male prostatitis, prostatic hypertrophy has obvious curative effect.It improves symptoms in a very short time.There are obvious cancer prevention and cancer suppression and liver protection, prevent anemia, diabetes, anti-fatigue and other functions.In addition, bee pollen has obvious cosmetic effects. Its mechanism lies in comprehensively regulating the balance of human endocrine system, from the inside to the surface, fundamentally improving the vitality of skin cells, enhancing the metabolic function of skin, preventing facial pigmentation, skin roughness and aging, and keeping the skin moist, white, shiny and elastic.
The health care functions of bee pollen mainly include:
(1) Enhance the comprehensive immune function of human body: pollen polysaccharides can activate the phagocytosis of macrophages and improve the human body’s resistance to disease.(2) Anti-aging and beauty function: Bee pollen is a nutritional cosmetic. VE, SUPERoxide dismutase (SOD), selenium and other components in pollen can nourish and nourish the skin, restore the elasticity and smoothness of the skin.The inositol in pollen can make white hair black, alopecia is born gradually, keep hair black and bright.
(3) Prevention and treatment of cerebral cardiovascular diseases: flavonoids in pollen can effectively remove the deposition of fat on blood vessel walls, thus softening blood vessels and lowering blood lipids.
(4) Prevention and treatment of prostate diseases: pollen is the Nemesis of prostatitis, and rape pollen and buckwheat pollen have the best effect.The effective drug for treating prostate diseases in China – prostol is made from pollen.
(5) Weight loss: Taking bee pollen can absorb enough nutrients to make you feel full.At the same time, the lecithin in pollen can burn excess fat, to achieve the purpose of losing weight.
(6) Adjust gastrointestinal function: pollen has many bactericidal components, can kill Escherichia coli, and prevent constipation.
(7) Protect the liver and protect the liver: flavonoids in pollen can also prevent fat deposition on the liver.
(8) Regulate the nervous system and promote sleep.
(9) Auxiliary treatment of other diseases: pollen has good effects on anemia, diabetes, memory improvement, menopause disorders, etc.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of bee pollen breaking walls?
Because pollen has a hard outer wall that is resistant to acid, alkali and corrosion, it was thought that bee pollen could only be absorbed by breaking the wall.However, a number of studies have shown that bee pollen as food does not need to break the wall, because there are germination pores and grooves on the pollen wall. Under the action of neutralizing enzymes in the acidic environment of the gastrointestinal tract, pollen nutrients can penetrate out through these pores and grooves.After pollen breaks the wall, it is more likely to be polluted, which is not conducive to preservation.But pollen as a cosmetic material must break through the walls because the skin has no ability to digest it.But when the pollen is used as a raw material for further processing, the walls must be broken so that all the nutrients in the pollen can be extracted.
What are the factors that affect the quality of bee pollen?
Bee pollen of high quality must meet three conditions: first, it must be fresh and no loss of active substances is guaranteed;Second, the number of bacteria in a safe range;Three, no mildew.Pollen is rich in nutrients and is easily affected by moisture, pollution and mildew.Bee pollen must be scientifically sterilized and cryogenically dried to ensure its safety.Unsterilized pollen should not be taken orally.Pollen that has not been dried is prone to mildew and deterioration.To ensure freshness, it must be refrigerated.
Bee pollen storage methods
Improper storage of bee pollen will lead to the decline of its nutritional value, and even mildew deterioration.Practice has proved that storage at about 10℃ is the most suitable.Bee pollen should not be stored at room temperature.